Avner Vengosh

Professor of Earth and Ocean Sciences

External address: 
205 Old Chemistry Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90230, Durham, NC 27708-0230
Phone: 
(919) 681-8050

My research aims to link environmental geochemistry and isotope hydrology in order to trace the sources and mechanisms of water contamination and relationships with human health. Current research includes global changes of the chemical and isotopic compositions of water resources due to human intervention and contamination, salinization of water resources in the Middle East and Northern Africa, naturally occurring contaminants (arsenic, fluoride, boron) and radioactivity in water resources, the impact of coal combustion residues on the environment, and the impact of gas drilling and hydro-fracking on the quality of shallow groundwater.

Education

  • Ph.D., Australian National University (Australia) 1990
  • M.S., Hebrew University 1986
  • B.S., Hebrew University 1984

Jackson, RB, Vengosh, A, Carey, JW, Davies, RJ, Darrah, TH, O'Sullivan, F, and Pétron, G. The Environmental Costs and Benefits of Fracking. October 17, 2014. Full Text

Vengosh, A. "Salinization and Saline Environments." In Treatise on Geochemistry, 1-35. December 4, 2003. Full Text

Rango, T, Vengosh, A, Jeuland, M, Whitford, GM, and Tekle-Haimanot, R. "Biomarkers of chronic fluoride exposure in groundwater in a highly exposed population." The Science of the total environment 596-597 (October 2017): 1-11. Full Text

Kondash, AJ, Albright, E, and Vengosh, A. "Quantity of flowback and produced waters from unconventional oil and gas exploration." The Science of the total environment 574 (January 2017): 314-321. Full Text

Vengosh, A, Coyte, R, Karr, J, Harkness, JS, Kondash, AJ, Ruhl, LS, Merola, RB, and Dywer, GS. "Origin of Hexavalent Chromium in Drinking Water Wells from the Piedmont Aquifers of North Carolina." Environmental Science & Technology Letters 3, no. 12 (December 13, 2016): 409-414. Full Text

Schwartz, GE, Redfern, LK, Ikuma, K, Gunsch, CK, Ruhl, LS, Vengosh, A, and Hsu-Kim, H. "Impacts of coal ash on methylmercury production and the methylating microbial community in anaerobic sediment slurries." Environmental science. Processes & impacts 18, no. 11 (November 2016): 1427-1439. Full Text

Harkness, JS, Sulkin, B, and Vengosh, A. "Evidence for Coal Ash Ponds Leaking in the Southeastern United States." Environmental science & technology 50, no. 12 (June 10, 2016): 6583-6592. Full Text

Lauer, N, and Vengosh, A. "Age Dating Oil and Gas Wastewater Spills Using Radium Isotopes and Their Decay Products in Impacted Soil and Sediment." Environmental Science & Technology Letters 3, no. 5 (May 10, 2016): 205-209. Full Text

Lauer, NE, Harkness, JS, and Vengosh, A. "Brine Spills Associated with Unconventional Oil Development in North Dakota." Environmental science & technology 50, no. 10 (May 2016): 5389-5397. Full Text

Schwartz, GE, Rivera, N, Lee, S-W, Harrington, JM, Hower, JC, Levine, KE, Vengosh, A, and Hsu-Kim, H. "Leaching potential and redox transformations of arsenic and selenium in sediment microcosms with fly ash." Applied Geochemistry 67 (April 2016): 177-185. Full Text

Yu, M, Weinthal, E, Patiño-Echeverri, D, Deshusses, MA, Zou, C, Ni, Y, and Vengosh, A. "Water Availability for Shale Gas Development in Sichuan Basin, China." Environmental science & technology 50, no. 6 (March 2016): 2837-2845. Full Text

Di Giulio, RT, Bernhardt, ES, Vengosh, A, Hsu-Kim, H, and Brandt, JE. "Legacy impacts of coal combusion residues in freshwater ecosystems in North Carolina." Water Resources Research Institute News of the University of North Carolina, no. 464 (March 1, 2016).

Pages

Jackson, RB, Vengosh, A, Darrah, TH, Warner, NR, and Down, A. "Shale Gas, Hydraulic Fracturing, and Environmental Health: An Overview." September 2013.

Ruhl, LS, Vengosh, A, Dwyer, GS, Hsu-Kim, H, and Schwartz, GE. "Impact of coal combustion residues on water quality." April 7, 2013.

Warner, NR, Nunnery, A, Dwyer, GS, Baker, PA, Fritz, SC, and Vengosh, A. "Boron isotopic ratios from the Salar de Uyuni, Bolivian Altiplano as a paleoenvironmental indicator." June 2010.

Deonarine, A, Hsu-Kim, H, Ruhl, L, and Vengosh, A. "Riverine mercury contamination after the 2008 coal ash spill at the Kingston Fossil Plant, TN." June 2010.

Leslie, D, Warner, N, Vengosh, A, Olesik, J, Welch, K, and Lyons, WB. "Boron isotopic geochemistry of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica." June 2010.

Bartov, G, Johnson, TM, Ruhl, L, Vengosh, A, and Southworth, G. "Mercury stable isotope tracing of multiple Mercury sources in the Tennessee River system." June 2010.

Pages

Jackson, RB, Vengosh, A, Carey, JW, Davies, RJ, Darrah, TH, O'Sullivan, F, and Petron, G. The environmental costs and benefits of fracking. January 1, 2016.

Gas and Oil Isotope Sample Analysis awarded by U.S. Geological Survey (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2021

Assessing potential human health impacts associated with the use of oilfield produced water for crop irrigation awarded by Department of Agriculture (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2020

Duke University Program in Environmental Health awarded by National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (Mentor). 2013 to 2018

Elucidating Risks: From Exposure and Mechanism to Outcome awarded by University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2018

Tracing Groundwater Contamination Near Coal Ash Ponds in North Carolina awarded by North Carolina State University (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2018

Tracing Groundwater Contamination Near Coal Ash Ponds in North Carolina awarded by North Carolina State University (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2018

Sub from U Missouri: Endocrine disrupting activity assoc w hydraulic fracturing awarded by University of Missouri (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2017

Fluoride and human health: Assessing novel biomarkers in detecting bone disorder awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2015 to 2017

SusChEM: Geochmical Characterization and Evaluation of the Environmental Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2017

Trace Metals Contamination from Oil and Gas Wastes in New York and Pennsylvania awarded by Park Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2017

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