Annabel J. Wharton

Annabel J. Wharton

William B. Hamilton Distinguished Professor of Art and Art History

External address: 
114 South Buchanan Blvd, Smith Warehouse Bay 9, A288a Box 90766, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90766, Durham, NC 27708
(919) 684-2495

ANNABEL WHARTON, William B. Hamilton Professor of Art History, Duke University, and Vincent Scully Visiting Professor at the Yale School of Architecture in 2014, received her Ph.D. at the Courtauld Institute, London University. Initially her research focused on Late Ancient and Byzantine art and culture (Art of Empire [Penn State] and Refiguring the Post-Classical City [Cambridge]). Then she began to investigate the effects of modernity on ancient landscapes, notably in Building the Cold War: Hilton International Hotels and Modern Architecture (Chicago, 2001). She has combined her interests in the Ancient and the Modern in her last two books: Selling Jerusalem: Relics, Replicas, Theme Parks (Chicago, 2006) and Architectural Agents: The Delusional, Abusive, Addictive Lives of Buildings (Minnesota, 2015). Architectural Agents considers material and digital buildings as agents that both endure pain and inflict it. She has begun work on a new project treating the theory and practice of models, conceptual and material, analog and digital, tentatively titled Manipulating Models.


  • Ph.D., University of London (United Kingdom) 1975
  • M.A., The University of Chicago 1969
  • B.S., University of Wisconsin - Madison 1966

Wharton, A. J. Models as Manipulators, 2016.

Wharton, A. J. Architectural Agents: The Delusional, Abusive, Addictive Lives of Buildings. University of Minnesota Press, 2014.

Wharton, A. J. Selling Jerusalem: Relics, Replicas, Themeparks. University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Wharton, A. J. Building the Cold War: Hilton International Hotels and Modern Architecture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.

Wharton, A. J. Refiguring the Post Classical City: Dura Europos, Jerash, Jerusalem and Ravenna. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Wharton, A. J. Art of Empire: Painting and Architecture of the Byzantine Periphery. A Comparative Study of Four Provinces. University Park, Pa & London: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1988.

Wharton, A. J. Tokali Kilise. Tenth Century Metropolitan Art in Byzantine Cappadocia, Dumbarton Oaks Studies XXII. Washinton, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees of Harvard University, 1986.

Kazhdan, A. P., and A. P. Wharton AJ. Change in Byzantine Culture in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1985.

Wharton, A. J. “The Istanbul Hilton, 1951-2014: Modernity and Its Demise (Accepted).” In Mid-Twentieth Century Architecture in Turkey, edited by M. Gürel. Routledge, 2015.

Wharton, A. J. “The tribune tower: Spolia as despoliation.” In Reuse Value: Spolia and Appropriation in Art and Architecture from Constantine to Sherrie Levine, 179–98, 2012.

Wharton, A. J. “History and Fiction.” In Archaeology, Politics and the Media, 85–90. Eisenbrauns, 2012.

Wharton, A. J. “The tribune tower: Spolia as despoliation.” In Reuse Value: Spolia and Appropriation in Art and Architecture from Constantine to Sherrie Levine, 179–97, 2011.

Wharton, A. J. “History and Fiction.” In Archaeology, Politics and the Media. Eisenbraun, 2010.

Wharton, A. J. “Jerusalem in Varallo: From Truth to Fiction.” In Imaginary Cities: Fictions of Space in the Early Modern World, edited by Charlotte Houghton and Daniel Purdy. Penn State Press, 2009.

Wharton, A. J. “Remaking Jerusalem.” In Modernism and the Middle East, edited by Sandy Isenstadt and Kishwar Rizvi, 29–35. University of Washington Press, 2007.

Wharton, A. J. “Commodifying Space: Hotels and Port Bellies.” In Hospitality: A Social Lens, edited by Conrad Lashley, Paul Lynch, and Alison Morrison, 101–16. Elsevier, 2006.

Wharton, A. J. “Icon, Idol, Fetish, and Totem.” In Icon and Word: The Power of Images in Byzantium, edited by A. Eastmond and L. Hunt, 12–23. London: Ashgate, 2003.

Wharton, A. J. “Erasure: Eliminating the Space of Late Ancient Judaism.” In From Dura to Sepphoris: Studies in Jewish Art and Society in Late Antiquity, edited by Lee L. Levine, 195–214. Ann Arbor, MI, 2000.


Wharton, A. J. “Relics, Protestants, Things.” Material Religion 9, no. 4 (2014).

Wharton, A. J. “Jerusalem's zions.” Material Religion 9, no. 2 (June 1, 2013): 218–42. Full Text

Wharton, A. J., and A. Amiri. ““Home in Jerusalem: the American Colony in Jerusalem".” Post Medieval Archaeology 45, no. 1 (2011).

Wharton, A. J. “John Ruskin: Ethics in Economics.” History of Political Economy 43, no. 2 (2011).

Wharton, Annabel J. “Shaping the ‘Public Sphere’ in Second Life: Architectures of the 2008 US Presidential Campaign.” Journal of Virtual Worlds Research 2, no. 2 (2009): 1–14.

Wharton, A. J. “Jewish Art, Jewish art.” Images 1, no. 1 (December 1, 2007): 29–35. Full Text

Holloway, R Ross, and R Ross Wharton AJ. “Constantine and Rome.” Church History, 2005.

Biddle, Martin, and Martin Wharton AJ. “The Tomb of Christ.” Journal of Early Christian Studies, 2004.

Wharton, Annabel J. “Two Waldorf-Astorias: Spatial Economies as Totem and Fetish.” Art Bulletin 85 (2003): 523–43.

Cody, J. W., and J. W. Wharton AJ. “Exporting American Architecture,” 2003.


Wharton, A. J. “Jerusalem Architecture: Old Is bitter, New Is Ugly.” Architecture and Urbanism in the Middle East, Special Issue Mei, 2008.

Wharton, A. J. “Empire Building.” New Statesman, January 2005.

Wharton, A. J. “Height of Fashion.” New Statesman, September 2001.

Baptisteries, A. J., Baptistery Decoration, and Baptistery Wharton AJ. “The Dictionary of Art.” Macmillan Publishers, 1996.