Avner Vengosh

Avner Vengosh

Professor of Earth and Ocean Sciences

External address: 
205 Old Chemistry Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90230, Durham, NC 27708-0230
Phone: 
(919) 681-8050

My research aims to link environmental geochemistry and isotope hydrology in order to trace the sources and mechanisms of water contamination and relationships with human health. Current research includes global changes of the chemical and isotopic compositions of water resources due to human intervention and contamination, salinization of water resources in the Middle East and Northern Africa, naturally occurring contaminants (arsenic, fluoride, boron) and radioactivity in water resources, the impact of coal combustion residues on the environment, and the impact of gas drilling and hydro-fracking on the quality of shallow groundwater.

Education

  • Ph.D., Australian National University (Australia) 1990
  • M.S., Hebrew University 1986
  • B.S., Hebrew University 1984

Jackson, RB, Vengosh, A, Carey, JW, Davies, RJ, Darrah, TH, O'Sullivan, F, and Pétron, G. The Environmental Costs and Benefits of Fracking. October 17, 2014. Full Text

Vengosh, A, weinthal, E, and Neville, KJ. "The Nexus of Energy and Water Quality." In The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy. 2016. (Chapter) Full Text

Vinson, DS, Lundy, JR, Dwyer, GS, and Vengosh, A. "Sr isotopes, hydrogeologic setting, and water-rock interaction in the Mt. Simon Sandstone (Minnesota, USA)." In Water-Rock Interaction, 111-114. January 1, 2010.

Vengosh, A. "Salinization and Saline Environments." In Treatise on Geochemistry, 1-35. December 4, 2003. Full Text

Ni, Y, Zou, C, Cui, H, Li, J, Lauer, NE, Harkness, JS, Kondash, AJ, Coyte, RM, Dwyer, GS, Liu, D, Dong, D, Liao, F, and Vengosh, A. "Origin of Flowback and Produced Waters from Sichuan Basin, China." Environmental Science & Technology (November 26, 2018). Full Text

Tasker, TL, Burgos, WD, Ajemigbitse, MA, Lauer, NE, Gusa, AV, Kuatbek, M, May, D, Landis, JD, Alessi, DS, Johnsen, AM, Kaste, JM, Headrick, KL, Wilke, FDH, McNeal, M, Engle, M, Jubb, AM, Vidic, RD, Vengosh, A, and Warner, NR. "Accuracy of methods for reporting inorganic element concentrations and radioactivity in oil and gas wastewaters from the Appalachian Basin, U.S. based on an inter-laboratory comparison." Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts (November 19, 2018). Full Text

McMahon, PB, Kulongoski, JT, Vengosh, A, Cozzarelli, IM, Landon, MK, Kharaka, YK, Gillespie, JM, and Davis, TA. "Regional patterns in the geochemistry of oil-field water, southern San Joaquin Valley, California, USA." Applied Geochemistry 98 (November 1, 2018): 127-140. Full Text

Coyte, RM, and Vengosh, A. "Response to Comments on "Large-Scale Uranium Contamination of Groundwater Resources in India"." Environmental Science & Technology Letters 5, no. 9 (September 1, 2018): 593-594. (Letter) Full Text

Kondash, AJ, Lauer, NE, and Vengosh, A. "The intensification of the water footprint of hydraulic fracturing." Science Advances 4, no. 8 (August 15, 2018): eaar5982-null. Full Text

Zou, C, Ni, Y, Li, J, Kondash, A, Coyte, R, Lauer, N, Cui, H, Liao, F, and Vengosh, A. "The water footprint of hydraulic fracturing in Sichuan Basin, China." The Science of the Total Environment 630 (July 2018): 349-356. Full Text

Schwartz, GE, Hower, JC, Phillips, AL, Rivera, N, Vengosh, A, and Hsu-Kim, H. "Ranking Coal Ash Materials for Their Potential to Leach Arsenic and Selenium: Relative Importance of Ash Chemistry and Site Biogeochemistry." Environmental Engineering Science 35, no. 7 (July 2018): 728-738. Full Text

Coyte, RM, Jain, RC, Srivastava, SK, Sharma, KC, Khalil, A, Ma, L, and Vengosh, A. "Large-Scale Uranium Contamination of Groundwater Resources in India." Environmental Science & Technology Letters 5, no. 6 (June 12, 2018): 341-347. Full Text

Vinson, DS, Lundy, JR, Dwyer, GS, and Vengosh, A. "Radium isotope response to aquifer storage and recovery in a sandstone aquifer." Applied Geochemistry 91 (April 2018): 54-63. Full Text

Schlesinger, WH, Klein, EM, and Vengosh, A. "Reply to Selin: Human impacts on the atmospheric burden of trace metals." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 115, no. 12 (March 6, 2018): E2668-null. (Letter) Full Text

Pages

Vengosh, A, Kondash, A, Harkness, J, Lauer, N, Warner, N, and Darrah, TH. "The Geochemistry of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids." 2017. Full Text

Esser, B, Beller, H, Carroll, S, Cherry, J, Gillespie, J, Jackson, R, Jordan, P, Madrid, V, Morris, J, Parker, B, Stringfellow, W, Varadharajan, C, and Vengosh, A. "Groundwater monitoring for oil and gas development under California SB4.": AMER CHEMICAL SOC, March 13, 2016.

Lauer, N, Harkness, J, and Vengosh, A. "Geochemical characterization of brine spills associated with hydraulic fracturing in North Dakota.": AMER CHEMICAL SOC, March 13, 2016.

Darrah, T, Jackson, R, Poreda, R, Muehlenbachs, K, Warner, N, Whyte, C, and Vengosh, A. "Using noble gas geochemistry to determine the source and mechanism of natural gas leakage into shallow aquifers near unconventional drilling.": AMER CHEMICAL SOC, March 13, 2016.

Drollette, B, Schreglmann, K, Warner, N, Darrah, T, O'Connor, M, Karatum, O, Nelson, R, Elsner, M, Reddy, C, Vengosh, A, Jackson, R, and Plata, D. "Trace levels of diesel range organic compounds in shallow groundwater wells in northeastern Pennsylvania elevated near Marcellus shale gas wells." March 22, 2015.

Hamouda, MB, Kondash, A, Lauer, N, Mejri, L, Tarhouni, J, and Vengosh, A. "Assessment of Groundwater Salinity Mechanisms in the Coastal Aquifer of El Haouaria, Northern Tunisia." 2015. Full Text

Vengosh, A, Warner, NR, Kondash, A, Harkness, JS, Lauer, N, Millot, R, Kloppman, W, and Darrah, TH. "Isotopic Fingerprints for Delineating the Environmental Effects of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids." 2015. Full Text

Harkness, JS, Ruhl, LS, Millot, R, Kloppman, W, Hower, JC, Hsu-Kim, H, and Vengosh, A. "Lithium Isotope Fingerprints in Coal and Coal Combustion Residuals from the United States." 2015. Full Text

Pages

Jackson, RB, Vengosh, A, Carey, JW, Davies, RJ, Darrah, TH, O'Sullivan, F, and Petron, G. The environmental costs and benefits of fracking. January 1, 2016.

Down, A, Schreglmann, K, Plata, DL, Elsner, M, Warner, NR, Vengosh, A, Moore, K, Coleman, D, and Jackson, RB. Ground water: Pre-drilling background groundwater quality in the Deep River Triassic Basin of central North Carolina, USA. January 1, 2016.

Selected Grants

Gas and Oil Isotope Sample Analysis awarded by U.S. Geological Survey (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2021

Geochemical characteristics of formation water in China awarded by Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2021

Assessing potential human health impacts associated with the use of oilfield produced water for crop irrigation awarded by Department of Agriculture (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2020

Gas and Oil Isotopic Analysis awarded by U.S. Geological Survey (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2020

Duke University Program in Environmental Health awarded by National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (Mentor). 2013 to 2019

Sichuan Basin Shale Gas Hydraulic Fracturing Flowback Fluid Geochemical Features and Environmental Impact awarded by Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2018

Tracing Groundwater Contamination Near Coal Ash Ponds in North Carolina awarded by North Carolina State University (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2018

Elucidating Risks: From Exposure and Mechanism to Outcome awarded by University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2018

Tracing Groundwater Contamination Near Coal Ash Ponds in North Carolina awarded by North Carolina State University (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2018

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