Avner Vengosh

Avner Vengosh

Professor of Earth and Ocean Sciences

External address: 
205 Old Chemistry Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90230, Durham, NC 27708-0230
Phone: 
(919) 681-8050

My research aims to link environmental geochemistry and isotope hydrology in order to trace the sources and mechanisms of water contamination and relationships with human health. Current research includes global changes of the chemical and isotopic compositions of water resources due to human intervention and contamination, salinization of water resources in the Middle East and Northern Africa, naturally occurring contaminants (arsenic, fluoride, boron) and radioactivity in water resources, the impact of coal combustion residues on the environment, and the impact of gas drilling and hydro-fracking on the quality of shallow groundwater.

Education

  • Ph.D., Australian National University (Australia) 1990
  • M.S., Hebrew University 1986
  • B.S., Hebrew University 1984

Jackson, RB, Vengosh, A, Carey, JW, Davies, RJ, Darrah, TH, O'Sullivan, F, and Pétron, G. The environmental costs and benefits of fracking. October 1, 2014. Full Text

Vengosh, A, weinthal, E, and Neville, KJ. "The Nexus of Energy and Water Quality." In The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy. 2016. (Chapter) Full Text

Vinson, DS, Lundy, JR, Dwyer, GS, and Vengosh, A. "Sr isotopes, hydrogeologic setting, and water-rock interaction in the Mt. Simon Sandstone (Minnesota, USA)." In Water-Rock Interaction, 111-114. January 1, 2010.

Vengosh, A. "Salinization and Saline Environments." In Treatise on Geochemistry, 1-35. December 4, 2003. Full Text

Plata, DL, Jackson, RB, Vengosh, A, and Mouser, PJ. "More than a decade of hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling research." Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts (February 12, 2019). Full Text

Brandt, JE, Lauer, NE, Vengosh, A, Bernhardt, ES, and Di Giulio, RT. "Strontium Isotope Ratios in Fish Otoliths as Biogenic Tracers of Coal Combustion Residual Inputs to Freshwater Ecosystems." Environmental Science & Technology Letters 5, no. 12 (December 11, 2018): 718-723. Full Text

Ni, Y, Zou, C, Cui, H, Li, J, Lauer, NE, Harkness, JS, Kondash, AJ, Coyte, RM, Dwyer, GS, Liu, D, Dong, D, Liao, F, and Vengosh, A. "Origin of Flowback and Produced Waters from Sichuan Basin, China." Environmental Science & Technology 52, no. 24 (December 2018): 14519-14527. Full Text

Tasker, TL, Burgos, WD, Ajemigbitse, MA, Lauer, NE, Gusa, AV, Kuatbek, M, May, D, Landis, JD, Alessi, DS, Johnsen, AM, Kaste, JM, Headrick, KL, Wilke, FDH, McNeal, M, Engle, M, Jubb, AM, Vidic, RD, Vengosh, A, and Warner, NR. "Accuracy of methods for reporting inorganic element concentrations and radioactivity in oil and gas wastewaters from the Appalachian Basin, U.S. based on an inter-laboratory comparison." Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts (November 19, 2018). Full Text

McMahon, PB, Kulongoski, JT, Vengosh, A, Cozzarelli, IM, Landon, MK, Kharaka, YK, Gillespie, JM, and Davis, TA. "Regional patterns in the geochemistry of oil-field water, southern San Joaquin Valley, California, USA." Applied Geochemistry 98 (November 1, 2018): 127-140. Full Text

Coyte, RM, and Vengosh, A. "Response to Comments on “Large-Scale Uranium Contamination of Groundwater Resources in India”." Environmental Science & Technology Letters 5, no. 9 (September 11, 2018): 593-594. Full Text

Kondash, AJ, Lauer, NE, and Vengosh, A. "The intensification of the water footprint of hydraulic fracturing." Science Advances 4, no. 8 (August 15, 2018): eaar5982-null. Full Text

Schwartz, GE, Hower, JC, Phillips, AL, Rivera, N, Vengosh, A, and Hsu-Kim, H. "Ranking Coal Ash Materials for Their Potential to Leach Arsenic and Selenium: Relative Importance of Ash Chemistry and Site Biogeochemistry." Environmental Engineering Science 35, no. 7 (July 2018): 728-738. Full Text

Zou, C, Ni, Y, Li, J, Kondash, A, Coyte, R, Lauer, N, Cui, H, Liao, F, and Vengosh, A. "The water footprint of hydraulic fracturing in Sichuan Basin, China." The Science of the Total Environment 630 (July 2018): 349-356. Full Text

Coyte, RM, Jain, RC, Srivastava, SK, Sharma, KC, Khalil, A, Ma, L, and Vengosh, A. "Large-Scale Uranium Contamination of Groundwater Resources in India." Environmental Science and Technology Letters 5, no. 6 (June 12, 2018): 341-347. Full Text

Pages

Vengosh, A. "Water quality as an additional factor for the energy-water nexus: Distribution of contaminants in water impacted by fossil fuels activities." 255th National Meeting and Exposition of the American-Chemical-Society (ACS) - Nexus of Food, Energy, and Water. New Orleans, LA. March 18, 2018 - March 22, 2018.: AMER CHEMICAL SOC, March 18, 2018.

Lauer, N, Vengosh, A, and Dai, S. "Naturally occurring radioactive materials in coals and coal ash in China." 255th National Meeting and Exposition of the American-Chemical-Society (ACS) - Nexus of Food, Energy, and Water. New Orleans, LA. March 18, 2018 - March 22, 2018.: AMER CHEMICAL SOC, March 18, 2018.

Vengosh, A, and Kondash, A. "Risks for reuse of unconventional oil and gas wastewater." 255th National Meeting and Exposition of the American-Chemical-Society (ACS) - Nexus of Food, Energy, and Water. New Orleans, LA. March 18, 2018 - March 22, 2018.: AMER CHEMICAL SOC, March 18, 2018.

Vengosh, A, Kondash, A, Harkness, J, Lauer, N, Warner, N, and Darrah, TH. "The Geochemistry of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids.": Elsevier BV, 2017. Full Text

Darrah, T, Jackson, R, Poreda, R, Muehlenbachs, K, Warner, N, Whyte, C, and Vengosh, A. "Using noble gas geochemistry to determine the source and mechanism of natural gas leakage into shallow aquifers near unconventional drilling.": AMER CHEMICAL SOC, March 13, 2016.

Esser, B, Beller, H, Carroll, S, Cherry, J, Gillespie, J, Jackson, R, Jordan, P, Madrid, V, Morris, J, Parker, B, Stringfellow, W, Varadharajan, C, and Vengosh, A. "Groundwater monitoring for oil and gas development under California SB4.": AMER CHEMICAL SOC, March 13, 2016.

Lauer, N, Harkness, J, and Vengosh, A. "Geochemical characterization of brine spills associated with hydraulic fracturing in North Dakota.": AMER CHEMICAL SOC, March 13, 2016.

Drollette, B, Schreglmann, K, Warner, N, Darrah, T, O'Connor, M, Karatum, O, Nelson, R, Elsner, M, Reddy, C, Vengosh, A, Jackson, R, and Plata, D. "Trace levels of diesel range organic compounds in shallow groundwater wells in northeastern Pennsylvania elevated near Marcellus shale gas wells." March 22, 2015.

Miller, J, Swana, K, Talma, S, Vengosh, A, Tredoux, G, Murray, R, and Butler, M. "O, H, CDIC, Sr, B and 14C Isotope Fingerprinting of Deep Groundwaters in the Karoo Basin, South Africa as a Precursor to Shale Gas Exploration.": Elsevier BV, 2015. Full Text

Eilers, A, Miller, J, Swana, K, Botha, R, Talma, S, Newman, R, Murray, R, and Vengosh, A. "Characterisation of Radon Concentrations in Karoo Groundwater, South Africa, as a Prelude to Potential Shale-gas Development.": Elsevier BV, 2015. Full Text

Pages

Jackson, RB, Vengosh, A, Carey, JW, Davies, RJ, Darrah, TH, O'Sullivan, F, and Petron, G. The environmental costs and benefits of fracking. January 1, 2016.

Down, A, Schreglmann, K, Plata, DL, Elsner, M, Warner, NR, Vengosh, A, Moore, K, Coleman, D, and Jackson, RB. Ground water: Pre-drilling background groundwater quality in the Deep River Triassic Basin of central North Carolina, USA. January 1, 2016.

Selected Grants

Gas and Oil Isotope Sample Analysis awarded by U.S. Geological Survey (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2021

Geochemical characteristics of formation water in China awarded by Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2021

Assessing potential human health impacts associated with the use of oilfield produced water for crop irrigation awarded by Department of Agriculture (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2020

Gas and Oil Isotopic Analysis awarded by U.S. Geological Survey (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2020

Duke University Program in Environmental Health awarded by National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (Mentor). 2013 to 2019

Sichuan Basin Shale Gas Hydraulic Fracturing Flowback Fluid Geochemical Features and Environmental Impact awarded by Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2018

Tracing Groundwater Contamination Near Coal Ash Ponds in North Carolina awarded by North Carolina State University (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2018

Elucidating Risks: From Exposure and Mechanism to Outcome awarded by University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2018

Tracing Groundwater Contamination Near Coal Ash Ponds in North Carolina awarded by North Carolina State University (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2018

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