Avner Vengosh

Avner Vengosh

Professor of Earth and Ocean Sciences

External address: 
308 Research Drive, A-207 LSRC, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708-0230
(919) 681-8050

My research aims to link environmental geochemistry and isotope hydrology in order to trace the sources and mechanisms of water contamination and relationships with human health. Current research includes global changes of the chemical and isotopic compositions of water resources due to human intervention and contamination, salinization of water resources in the Middle East and Northern Africa, naturally occurring contaminants (arsenic, fluoride, boron) and radioactivity in water resources, the impact of coal combustion residues on the environment, and the impact of gas drilling and hydro-fracking on the quality of shallow groundwater.


  • Ph.D., Australian National University (Australia) 1990
  • M.S., Hebrew University 1986
  • B.S., Hebrew University 1984

Harkness, Jennifer S., Thomas H. Darrah, Myles T. Moore, Colin J. Whyte, Paul D. Mathewson, Tyson Cook, and Avner Vengosh. “Naturally Occurring versus Anthropogenic Sources of Elevated Molybdenum in Groundwater: Evidence for Geogenic Contamination from Southeast Wisconsin, United States..” Environmental Science & Technology 51, no. 21 (November 2017): 12190–99. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b03716. Full Text

Neville, K. J., J. Baka, S. Gamper-Rabindran, K. Bakker, S. Andreasson, A. Vengosh, A. Lin, J. N. Singh, and E. Weinthal. “Debating Unconventional Energy: Social, Political, and Economic Implications.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources 42 (October 17, 2017): 241–66. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-102016-061102. Full Text

Rango, Tewodros, Avner Vengosh, Marc Jeuland, Gary M. Whitford, and Redda Tekle-Haimanot. “Biomarkers of chronic fluoride exposure in groundwater in a highly exposed population..” The Science of the Total Environment 596–597 (October 2017): 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.04.021. Full Text

Szczuka, Aleksandra, Kimberly M. Parker, Cassandra Harvey, Erin Hayes, Avner Vengosh, and William A. Mitch. “Regulated and unregulated halogenated disinfection byproduct formation from chlorination of saline groundwater..” Water Research 122 (October 2017): 633–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2017.06.028. Full Text

Bouchaou, L., N. R. Warner, T. Tagma, M. Hssaisoune, and A. Vengosh. “The origin of geothermal waters in Morocco: Multiple isotope tracers for delineating sources of water-rock interactions.” Applied Geochemistry 84 (September 1, 2017): 244–53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2017.07.004. Full Text

Vengosh, Avner, William A. Mitch, and Lisa M. McKenzie. “Environmental and Human Impacts of Unconventional Energy Development..” Environmental Science & Technology 51, no. 18 (September 2017): 10271–73. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b04336. Full Text Open Access Copy

Harkness, J. S., T. H. Darrah, N. R. Warner, C. J. Whyte, M. T. Moore, R. Millot, W. Kloppmann, R. B. Jackson, and A. Vengosh. “The geochemistry of naturally occurring methane and saline groundwater in an area of unconventional shale gas development.” Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 208 (July 1, 2017): 302–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2017.03.039. Full Text

Luo, Yiwen, Lauren E. McCullough, Jung-Ying Tzeng, Thomas Darrah, Avner Vengosh, Rachel L. Maguire, Arnab Maity, et al. “Maternal blood cadmium, lead and arsenic levels, nutrient combinations, and offspring birthweight..” Bmc Public Health 17, no. 1 (April 24, 2017). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4225-8. Full Text Open Access Copy

Kondash, Andrew J., Elizabeth Albright, and Avner Vengosh. “Quantity of flowback and produced waters from unconventional oil and gas exploration..” The Science of the Total Environment 574 (January 2017): 314–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.069. Full Text

Vengosh, A., R. Coyte, J. Karr, J. S. Harkness, A. J. Kondash, L. S. Ruhl, R. B. Merola, and G. S. Dywer. “Origin of Hexavalent Chromium in Drinking Water Wells from the Piedmont Aquifers of North Carolina.” Environmental Science and Technology Letters 3, no. 12 (December 13, 2016): 409–14. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.estlett.6b00342. Full Text Open Access Copy


Roded, D., A. Vengosh, and B. Mayer. “Identification of sources of nitrate in the coastal aquifer of Israel: New insights from nitrogen and oxygen isotope measurements.” In Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 67:A400–A400. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2003.

Henig, S., A. Vengosh, J. Ganor, and T. D. Bullen. “Geochemical and isotopic (Sr, B, O, H) characterization of groundwater from the Lower Cretaceous sandstone aquifer in the Negev and Arava Valley, Israel.” In Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 67:A144–A144. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2003.

Vengosh, A., A. Marei, C. Guerrot, I. Pankratov, and W. Kloppmann. “An enigmatic salinity source in the Mediterranean coastal aquifer and Gaza Strip: Utilization of isotopic (B, Sr, O) constraints for searching the sources of groundwater contamination.” In Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 66:A804–A804. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2002.

Segal-Rozenhaimer, M., R. Holtzman, A. Shaviv, A. Vengosh, E. Farber, I. Gavrieli, T. Bullen, B. Mayer, and U. Shavit. “Sources and processes of nitrogen along the lower Jordan River.” In Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 66:A695–A695. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2002.

Shavit, U., R. Holtzman, M. Segal, A. Vengosh, E. Farber, I. Gavrieli, and T. Bullen. “Water sources and quality along the Lower Jordan River, regional study.” In Water Resources Quality, edited by H. Rubin, P. Nachtnebel, U. Shamir, and J. Furst, 127–48. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN, 2002.

Vengosh, A., E. Farber, U. Shavit, R. Holtzman, M. Segal, I. Gavrieli, and T. Bullen. “Exploring the sources of the salinity in the Middle East: an integrative hydrologic, geochemical and isotopic study of the Jordan River.” In Water Rock Interaction, Vols 1 and 2, edited by R. Cidu, 71–79. A A BALKEMA PUBLISHERS, 2001.

Yechieli, Y., O. Sivan, B. Lazar, A. Vengosh, D. Ronen, and B. Herut. “Radiocarbon in seawater intruding into the Israeli Mediterranean coastal aquifer.” In Radiocarbon, 43:773–81. UNIV ARIZONA DEPT GEOSCIENCES, 2001.