Professor of Earth and Ocean Sciences
My research aims to link environmental geochemistry and isotope hydrology in order to trace the sources and mechanisms of water contamination and relationships with human health. Current research includes global changes of the chemical and isotopic compositions of water resources due to human intervention and contamination, salinization of water resources in the Middle East and Northern Africa, naturally occurring contaminants (arsenic, fluoride, boron) and radioactivity in water resources, the impact of coal combustion residues on the environment, and the impact of gas drilling and hydro-fracking on the quality of shallow groundwater.
- Ph.D., Australian National University (Australia) 1990
- M.S., Hebrew University (Israel) 1986
- B.S., Hebrew University (Israel) 1984
Warner, Nathaniel R., Robert B. Jackson, Thomas H. Darrah, Stephen G. Osborn, Adrian Down, Kaiguang Zhao, Alissa White, and Avner Vengosh. “Geochemical evidence for possible natural migration of Marcellus Formation brine to shallow aquifers in Pennsylvania.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109, no. 30 (July 9, 2012): 11961–66. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1121181109. Full Text
Adair, S. K., B. R. Pearson, J. Monast, A. Vengosh, and R. B. Jackson. “Considering shale gas extraction in North Carolina: Lessons from other states.” Duke Environmental Law and Policy Forum 22, no. 2 (June 21, 2012): 257–301.
Ettayfi, N., L. Bouchaou, J. L. Michelot, T. Tagma, N. Warner, S. Boutaleb, M. Massault, Z. Lgourna, and A. Vengosh. “Geochemical and isotopic (oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, strontium) constraints for the origin, salinity, and residence time of groundwater from a carbonate aquifer in the Western Anti-Atlas Mountains, Morocco.” Journal of Hydrology 438–439 (May 17, 2012): 97–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.03.003. Full Text
Lindberg, T Ty, Emily S. Bernhardt, Raven Bier, A. M. Helton, R Brittany Merola, Avner Vengosh, and Richard T. Di Giulio. “Cumulative impacts of mountaintop mining on an Appalachian watershed.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108, no. 52 (December 12, 2011): 20929–34. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1112381108. Full Text
Jackson, R. B., S. G. Osborn, A. Vengosh, and N. R. Warner. “Reply to Davies: Hydraulic fracturing remains a possible mechanism for observed methane contamination of drinking water.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108, no. 43 (October 25, 2011). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1113768108. Full Text
Plikunas, S., B. R. Pearson, J. Monast, A. Vengosh, and R. B. Jackson. “Working paper from Duke University identifies environmental issues related to shale gas for focus of regulatory action in North Carolina.” Water Resources Research Institute News of the University of North Carolina, no. 376 (October 1, 2011).
Osborn, S. G., A. Vengosh, N. R. Warner, and R. B. Jackson. “Reply to Saba and Orzechowski and Schon: Methane contamination of drinking water accompanying gaswell drilling and hydraulic fracturing.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108, no. 37 (September 13, 2011). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1109270108. Full Text
Vengosh, A., David S. Vinson, Haylee G. Schwartz, and Gary S. Dwyer. “Evaluating salinity sources of groundwater and implications for sustainable reverse osmosis desalination in coastal North Carolina, USA.” Hydrogeology Journal 19, no. 5 (August 1, 2011): 981–94. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-011-0738-x. Full Text Open Access Copy
Vinson, D. S., J. C. Mcintosh, G. S. Dwyer, and A. Vengosh. “Arsenic and other oxyanion-forming trace elements in an alluvial basin aquifer: Evaluating sources and mobilization by isotopic tracers (Sr, B, S, O, H, Ra).” Applied Geochemistry 26, no. 8 (August 1, 2011): 1364–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.05.010. Full Text
Osborn, Stephen G., Avner Vengosh, Nathaniel R. Warner, and Robert B. Jackson. “Methane contamination of drinking water accompanying gas-well drilling and hydraulic fracturing.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108, no. 20 (May 9, 2011): 8172–76. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1100682108. Full Text Open Access Copy