Avner Vengosh

Avner Vengosh

Professor of Environmental Quality

External address: 
308 Research Drive, A-207 LSRC, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708-0230
(919) 681-8050

My research aims to link environmental geochemistry and isotope hydrology in order to trace the sources and mechanisms of water contamination and relationships with human health. Current research includes global changes of the chemical and isotopic compositions of water resources due to human intervention and contamination, salinization of water resources in the Middle East and Northern Africa, naturally occurring contaminants (arsenic, fluoride, boron) and radioactivity in water resources, the impact of coal combustion residues on the environment, and the impact of gas drilling and hydro-fracking on the quality of shallow groundwater.


  • Ph.D., Australian National University (Australia) 1990
  • M.S., Hebrew University (Israel) 1986
  • B.S., Hebrew University (Israel) 1984

McMahon, P. B., J. T. Kulongoski, A. Vengosh, I. M. Cozzarelli, M. K. Landon, Y. K. Kharaka, J. M. Gillespie, and T. A. Davis. “Regional patterns in the geochemistry of oil-field water, southern San Joaquin Valley, California, USA.” Applied Geochemistry 98 (November 1, 2018): 127–40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2018.09.015. Full Text

Coyte, R. M., and A. Vengosh. “Response to Comments on "large-Scale Uranium Contamination of Groundwater Resources in India".” Environmental Science and Technology Letters 5, no. 9 (September 11, 2018): 593–94. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.estlett.8b00407. Full Text

Kondash, Andrew J., Nancy E. Lauer, and Avner Vengosh. “The intensification of the water footprint of hydraulic fracturing.Science Advances 4, no. 8 (August 15, 2018): eaar5982. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aar5982. Full Text

Schwartz, Grace E., James C. Hower, Allison L. Phillips, Nelson Rivera, Avner Vengosh, and Heileen Hsu-Kim. “Ranking Coal Ash Materials for Their Potential to Leach Arsenic and Selenium: Relative Importance of Ash Chemistry and Site Biogeochemistry.Environmental Engineering Science 35, no. 7 (July 2018): 728–38. https://doi.org/10.1089/ees.2017.0347. Full Text

Zou, Caineng, Yunyan Ni, Jian Li, Andrew Kondash, Rachel Coyte, Nancy Lauer, Huiying Cui, Fengrong Liao, and Avner Vengosh. “The water footprint of hydraulic fracturing in Sichuan Basin, China.The Science of the Total Environment 630 (July 2018): 349–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.219. Full Text

Coyte, R. M., R. C. Jain, S. K. Srivastava, K. C. Sharma, A. Khalil, L. Ma, and A. Vengosh. “Large-Scale Uranium Contamination of Groundwater Resources in India.” Environmental Science and Technology Letters 5, no. 6 (June 12, 2018): 341–47. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.estlett.8b00215. Full Text

Vinson, D. S., J. R. Lundy, G. S. Dwyer, and A. Vengosh. “Radium isotope response to aquifer storage and recovery in a sandstone aquifer.” Applied Geochemistry 91 (April 1, 2018): 54–63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2018.01.006. Full Text

Schlesinger, William H., Emily M. Klein, and Avner Vengosh. “Reply to Selin: Human impacts on the atmospheric burden of trace metals.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 115, no. 12 (March 6, 2018): E2668. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1800958115. Full Text

Eymold, William K., Kelley Swana, Myles T. Moore, Colin J. Whyte, Jennifer S. Harkness, Siep Talma, Ricky Murray, et al. “Hydrocarbon-Rich Groundwater above Shale-Gas Formations: A Karoo Basin Case Study.Ground Water 56, no. 2 (March 2018): 204–24. https://doi.org/10.1111/gwat.12637. Full Text

Harkness, J. S., N. R. Warner, A. Ulrich, R. Millot, W. Kloppmann, J. M. E. Ahad, M. M. Savard, P. Gammon, and A. Vengosh. “Characterization of the boron, lithium, and strontium isotopic variations of oil sands process-affected water in Alberta, Canada.” Applied Geochemistry 90 (March 1, 2018): 50–62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2017.12.026. Full Text


SHAVIT, U. R. I., R. A. N. HOLTZMAN, M. I. C. H. A. L. SEGAL, I. T. T. A. I. GAVRIELI, E. F. R. A. T. FARBER, and A. V. N. E. R. VENGOSH. “THE LOWER JORDAN RIVER.” In International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies — 30th Session. WORLD SCIENTIFIC, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812702753_0032. Full Text

Roded, D., A. Vengosh, and B. Mayer. “Identification of sources of nitrate in the coastal aquifer of Israel: New insights from nitrogen and oxygen isotope measurements.” In Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 67:A400–A400. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2003.

Henig, S., A. Vengosh, J. Ganor, and T. D. Bullen. “Geochemical and isotopic (Sr, B, O, H) characterization of groundwater from the Lower Cretaceous sandstone aquifer in the Negev and Arava Valley, Israel.” In Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 67:A144–A144. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2003.

Segal-Rozenhaimer, M., R. Holtzman, A. Shaviv, A. Vengosh, E. Farber, I. Gavrieli, T. Bullen, B. Mayer, and U. Shavit. “Sources and processes of nitrogen along the lower Jordan River.” In Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 66:A695–A695. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2002.

Vengosh, A., A. Marei, C. Guerrot, I. Pankratov, and W. Kloppmann. “An enigmatic salinity source in the Mediterranean coastal aquifer and Gaza Strip: Utilization of isotopic (B, Sr, O) constraints for searching the sources of groundwater contamination.” In Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 66:A804–A804. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2002.

Shavit, U., R. Holtzman, M. Segal, A. Vengosh, E. Farber, I. Gavrieli, and T. Bullen. “Water sources and quality along the Lower Jordan River, regional study.” In Water Resources Quality, edited by H. Rubin, P. Nachtnebel, U. Shamir, and J. Furst, 127–48. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN, 2002.

Vengosh, A., E. Farber, U. Shavit, R. Holtzman, M. Segal, I. Gavrieli, and T. Bullen. “Exploring the sources of the salinity in the Middle East: an integrative hydrologic, geochemical and isotopic study of the Jordan River.” In Water Rock Interaction, Vols 1 and 2, edited by R. Cidu, 71–79. A A BALKEMA PUBLISHERS, 2001.

Yechieli, Y., O. Sivan, B. Lazar, A. Vengosh, D. Ronen, and B. Herut. “Radiocarbon in seawater intruding into the Israeli Mediterranean coastal aquifer.” In Radiocarbon, 43:773–81. UNIV ARIZONA DEPT GEOSCIENCES, 2001.



Selected Grants

Environmental effects of the coal ash spill and remediation at Kingston TN awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2010

An Integrative Investigation of the Sources and Effects of Groundwater Contamination for Local Communities awarded by Department of Agriculture (Principal Investigator). 2006 to 2009