Avner Vengosh

Avner Vengosh

Professor of Earth and Ocean Sciences

External address: 
308 Research Drive, A-207 LSRC, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708-0230
(919) 681-8050

My research aims to link environmental geochemistry and isotope hydrology in order to trace the sources and mechanisms of water contamination and relationships with human health. Current research includes global changes of the chemical and isotopic compositions of water resources due to human intervention and contamination, salinization of water resources in the Middle East and Northern Africa, naturally occurring contaminants (arsenic, fluoride, boron) and radioactivity in water resources, the impact of coal combustion residues on the environment, and the impact of gas drilling and hydro-fracking on the quality of shallow groundwater.


  • Ph.D., Australian National University (Australia) 1990
  • M.S., Hebrew University (Israel) 1986
  • B.S., Hebrew University (Israel) 1984

Warner, N. R., T. H. Darrah, R. B. Jackson, R. Millot, W. Kloppmann, and A. Vengosh. “New tracers identify hydraulic fracturing fluids and accidental releases from oil and gas operations.Environmental Science & Technology 48, no. 21 (November 2014): 12552–60. https://doi.org/10.1021/es5032135. Full Text

Leslie, D., W. Berry Lyons, N. Warner, A. Vengosh, J. Olesik, K. Welch, and K. Deuerling. “Boron isotopic geochemistry of the McMurdo Dry Valley lakes, Antarctica.” Chemical Geology 386 (October 29, 2014): 152–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.08.016. Full Text

Rango, Tewodros, Avner Vengosh, Marc Jeuland, Redda Tekle-Haimanot, Erika Weinthal, Julia Kravchenko, Christopher Paul, and Peter McCornick. “Fluoride exposure from groundwater as reflected by urinary fluoride and children's dental fluorosis in the Main Ethiopian Rift Valley.Sci Total Environ 496 (October 15, 2014): 188–97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.07.048. Full Text

Parker, Kimberly M., Teng Zeng, Jennifer Harkness, Avner Vengosh, and William A. Mitch. “Enhanced formation of disinfection byproducts in shale gas wastewater-impacted drinking water supplies.Environmental Science & Technology 48, no. 19 (October 2014): 11161–69. https://doi.org/10.1021/es5028184. Full Text

Darrah, Thomas H., Avner Vengosh, Robert B. Jackson, Nathaniel R. Warner, and Robert J. Poreda. “Noble gases identify the mechanisms of fugitive gas contamination in drinking-water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111, no. 39 (September 15, 2014): 14076–81. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1322107111. Full Text

Kravchenko, Julia, Tewodros Rango, Igor Akushevich, Behailu Atlaw, Peter G. McCornick, R Brittany Merola, Christopher Paul, et al. “The effect of non-fluoride factors on risk of dental fluorosis: evidence from rural populations of the Main Ethiopian Rift.Sci Total Environ 488–489 (August 1, 2014): 595–606. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.12.087. Full Text Open Access Copy

Kravchenko, Julia, Thomas H. Darrah, Richard K. Miller, H Kim Lyerly, and Avner Vengosh. “A review of the health impacts of barium from natural and anthropogenic exposure.Environ Geochem Health 36, no. 4 (August 2014): 797–814. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-014-9622-7. Full Text

Vengosh, Avner, Daniella Hirschfeld, David Vinson, Gary Dwyer, Hadas Raanan, Amer Marie, Shikma Zaarur, and Jiwchar Ganor. “Response to Comment on "High naturally occurring radioactivity in fossil groundwater from the Middle East".Environmental Science & Technology 48, no. 16 (August 2014): 9946–47. https://doi.org/10.1021/es501140b. Full Text

Merola, R Brittany, Julia Kravchenko, Tewodros Rango, and Avner Vengosh. “Arsenic exposure of rural populations from the Rift Valley of Ethiopia as monitored by keratin in toenails.J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 24, no. 2 (March 2014): 121–26. https://doi.org/10.1038/jes.2013.77. Full Text

Vengosh, Avner, Robert B. Jackson, Nathaniel Warner, Thomas H. Darrah, and Andrew Kondash. “A critical review of the risks to water resources from unconventional shale gas development and hydraulic fracturing in the United States.Environmental Science & Technology 48, no. 15 (January 2014): 8334–48. https://doi.org/10.1021/es405118y. Full Text