Avner Vengosh

Avner Vengosh

Professor of Earth and Ocean Sciences

External address: 
308 Research Drive, A-207 LSRC, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708-0230
(919) 681-8050

My research aims to link environmental geochemistry and isotope hydrology in order to trace the sources and mechanisms of water contamination and relationships with human health. Current research includes global changes of the chemical and isotopic compositions of water resources due to human intervention and contamination, salinization of water resources in the Middle East and Northern Africa, naturally occurring contaminants (arsenic, fluoride, boron) and radioactivity in water resources, the impact of coal combustion residues on the environment, and the impact of gas drilling and hydro-fracking on the quality of shallow groundwater.


  • Ph.D., Australian National University (Australia) 1990
  • M.S., Hebrew University (Israel) 1986
  • B.S., Hebrew University (Israel) 1984

Lauer, Nancy E., James C. Hower, Heileen Hsu-Kim, Ross K. Taggart, and Avner Vengosh. “Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in Coals and Coal Combustion Residuals in the United States.Environmental Science & Technology 49, no. 18 (September 2, 2015): 11227–33. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b01978. Full Text

Down, A., K. Schreglmann, D. L. Plata, M. Elsner, N. R. Warner, A. Vengosh, K. Moore, D. Coleman, and R. B. Jackson. “Pre-drilling background groundwater quality in the Deep River Triassic Basin of central North Carolina, USA.” Applied Geochemistry 60 (September 1, 2015): 3–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2015.01.018. Full Text

Burke, Katie L., and Avner Vengosh. “First Person: Avner Vengosh.” American Scientist 103, no. 5 (September 1, 2015): 10–14.

Vidal, Adriana C., Viktoriya Semenova, Thomas Darrah, Avner Vengosh, Zhiqing Huang, Katherine King, Monica D. Nye, et al. “Maternal cadmium, iron and zinc levels, DNA methylation and birth weight.Bmc Pharmacol Toxicol 16 (July 15, 2015): 20. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40360-015-0020-2. Full Text

Elsner, Martin, Kathrin Schreglmann, Wolfgang Calmano, Axel Bergmann, Andrea Vieth-Hillebrand, Franziska D. H. Wilke, Klaus-Michael Wollin, et al. “Comment on the German draft legislation on hydraulic fracturing: the need for an accurate state of knowledge and for independent scientific research.Environmental Science & Technology 49, no. 11 (June 2015): 6367–69. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b01921. Full Text

Merola, R. B., T. T. Hien, D. T. T. Quyen, and A. Vengosh. “Arsenic exposure to drinking water in the Mekong Delta.The Science of the Total Environment 511 (April 2015): 544–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.12.091. Full Text

Nir, O., A. Vengosh, J. S. Harkness, G. S. Dwyer, and O. Lahav. “Direct measurement of the boron isotope fractionation factor: Reducing the uncertainty in reconstructing ocean paleo-pH.” Earth and Planetary Science Letters 414 (March 5, 2015): 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.01.006. Full Text

Harkness, Jennifer S., Gary S. Dwyer, Nathaniel R. Warner, Kimberly M. Parker, William A. Mitch, and Avner Vengosh. “Iodide, bromide, and ammonium in hydraulic fracturing and oil and gas wastewaters: environmental implications.Environmental Science & Technology 49, no. 3 (February 2015): 1955–63. https://doi.org/10.1021/es504654n. Full Text

Darrah, Thomas H., Robert B. Jackson, Avner Vengosh, Nathaniel R. Warner, and Robert J. Poreda. “Noble gases: a new technique for fugitive gas investigation in groundwater.Ground Water 53, no. 1 (January 2015): 23–28.

Ruhl, Laura S., Gary S. Dwyer, Heileen Hsu-Kim, James C. Hower, and Avner Vengosh. “Boron and strontium isotopic characterization of coal combustion residuals: validation of new environmental tracers.Environmental Science & Technology 48, no. 24 (December 4, 2014): 14790–98. https://doi.org/10.1021/es503746v. Full Text Open Access Copy