Professor of Earth and Ocean Sciences
My research aims to link environmental geochemistry and isotope hydrology in order to trace the sources and mechanisms of water contamination and relationships with human health. Current research includes global changes of the chemical and isotopic compositions of water resources due to human intervention and contamination, salinization of water resources in the Middle East and Northern Africa, naturally occurring contaminants (arsenic, fluoride, boron) and radioactivity in water resources, the impact of coal combustion residues on the environment, and the impact of gas drilling and hydro-fracking on the quality of shallow groundwater.
- Ph.D., Australian National University (Australia) 1990
- M.S., Hebrew University 1986
- B.S., Hebrew University 1984
Jackson, R. B., A. Vengosh, J. W. Carey, R. J. Davies, T. H. Darrah, F. O’Sullivan, and G. Pétron. The environmental costs and benefits of fracking. Vol. 39, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-031113-144051. Full Text
Weinthal, Erika, Avner Vengosh, and Kate Neville. “The Nexus of Energy and Water Quality.” Oxford University Press, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199335084.013.26. Full Text
Vengosh, A. “Boron isotopes as a proxy for carbonate dissolution in groundwater—radiocarbon correction models.” In Water-Rock Interaction, 107–10, 2010.
Vinson, D. S., J. R. Lundy, G. S. Dwyer, and A. Vengosh. “Sr isotopes, hydrogeologic setting, and water-rock interaction in the Mt. Simon Sandstone (Minnesota, USA).” In Water-Rock Interaction, 111–14, 2010.
Wang, Z., R. M. Coyte, G. S. Dwyer, L. S. Ruhl, H. Hsu-Kim, J. C. Hower, and A. Vengosh. “Distinction of strontium isotope ratios between water-soluble and bulk coal fly ash from the United States.” International Journal of Coal Geology 222 (April 1, 2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coal.2020.103464. Full Text
Coyte, Rachel M., Kristen L. McKinley, Sheng Jiang, Jonathan Karr, Gary S. Dwyer, Amy J. Keyworth, Christina C. Davis, Andrew J. Kondash, and Avner Vengosh. “Occurrence and distribution of hexavalent chromium in groundwater from North Carolina, USA.” The Science of the Total Environment 711 (April 2020): 135135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135135. Full Text
Gao, Jinliang, Caineng Zou, Wei Li, Yunyan Ni, Fengrong Liao, Limiao Yao, Jianli Sui, and Avner Vengosh. “Hydrochemistry of flowback water from Changning shale gas field and associated shallow groundwater in Southern Sichuan Basin, China: Implications for the possible impact of shale gas development on groundwater quality.” The Science of the Total Environment 713 (April 2020): 136591. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.136591. Full Text
Coyte, Rachel M., and Avner Vengosh. “Factors controlling the risks of co-occurrence of the redox-sensitive elements of arsenic, chromium, vanadium, and uranium in groundwater from the eastern United States.” Environmental Science & Technology, March 13, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b06471. Full Text
Wang, Z., G. S. Dwyer, D. S. Coleman, and A. Vengosh. “Lead Isotopes as a New Tracer for Detecting Coal Fly Ash in the Environment.” Environmental Science and Technology Letters 6, no. 12 (December 10, 2019): 714–19. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.estlett.9b00512. Full Text
Kondash, A. J., D. Patino-Echeverri, and A. Vengosh. “Quantification of the water-use reduction associated with the transition from coal to natural gas in the US electricity sector.” Environmental Research Letters 14, no. 12 (December 4, 2019). https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab4d71. Full Text
Coyte, Rachel M., Anjali Singh, Kirin E. Furst, William A. Mitch, and Avner Vengosh. “Co-occurrence of geogenic and anthropogenic contaminants in groundwater from Rajasthan, India.” The Science of the Total Environment 688 (October 2019): 1216–27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.334. Full Text
Vengosh, Avner, Ellen A. Cowan, Rachel M. Coyte, Andrew J. Kondash, Zhen Wang, Jessica E. Brandt, and Gary S. Dwyer. “Evidence for unmonitored coal ash spills in Sutton Lake, North Carolina: Implications for contamination of lake ecosystems.” The Science of the Total Environment 686 (October 2019): 1090–1103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.188. Full Text
Tomlinson, Martha Scott, Paige Bommarito, Andrew George, Sarah Yelton, Peter Cable, Rachel Coyte, Jonathan Karr, Avner Vengosh, Kathleen M. Gray, and Rebecca C. Fry. “Assessment of inorganic contamination of private wells and demonstration of effective filter-based reduction: A pilot-study in Stokes County, North Carolina.” Environmental Research 177 (October 2019): 108618. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.108618. Full Text
Furst, Kirin E., Rachel M. Coyte, Margaret Wood, Avner Vengosh, and William A. Mitch. “Disinfection Byproducts in Rajasthan, India: Are Trihalomethanes a Sufficient Indicator of Disinfection Byproduct Exposure in Low-Income Countries?” Environmental Science & Technology 53, no. 20 (October 2019): 12007–17. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b03484. Full Text
Vengosh, Avner. “Water quality as an additional factor for the energy-water nexus: Distribution of contaminants in water impacted by fossil fuels activities.” In Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 255. AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 2018.
Lauer, Nancy, Avner Vengosh, and Shifeng Dai. “Naturally occurring radioactive materials in coals and coal ash in China.” In Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 255. AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 2018.
Vengosh, Avner, and Andrew Kondash. “Risks for reuse of unconventional oil and gas wastewater.” In Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 255. AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 2018.
Vengosh, Avner, Andrew Kondash, Jennie Harkness, Nancy Lauer, Nathaniel Warner, and Thomas H. Darrah. “The Geochemistry of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids.” In Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 17:21–24. Elsevier BV, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeps.2016.12.011. Full Text
Darrah, Thomas, Robert Jackson, Robert Poreda, Karlis Muehlenbachs, Nathaniel Warner, Colin Whyte, and Avner Vengosh. “Using noble gas geochemistry to determine the source and mechanism of natural gas leakage into shallow aquifers near unconventional drilling.” In Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 251. AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 2016.
Esser, Bradley, Harry Beller, Susan Carroll, John Cherry, Jan Gillespie, Robert Jackson, Preston Jordan, et al. “Groundwater monitoring for oil and gas development under California SB4.” In Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 251. AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 2016.
Lauer, Nancy, Jennifer Harkness, and Avner Vengosh. “Geochemical characterization of brine spills associated with hydraulic fracturing in North Dakota.” In Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 251. AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 2016.
Drollette, Brian, Kathrin Schreglmann, Nathaniel Warner, Thomas Darrah, Megan O’Connor, Osman Karatum, Robert Nelson, et al. “Trace levels of diesel range organic compounds in shallow groundwater wells in northeastern Pennsylvania elevated near Marcellus shale gas wells.” In Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 249. AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 2015.
Harkness, Jennifer S., Laura S. Ruhl, Romain Millot, Wolfram Kloppman, James C. Hower, Helen Hsu-Kim, and Avner Vengosh. “Lithium Isotope Fingerprints in Coal and Coal Combustion Residuals from the United States.” In Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 13:134–37. Elsevier BV, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeps.2015.07.032. Full Text
Tarhouni, J., MF Ben Hamouda, A. J. Kondash, L. Mejri, and A. Vengosh. “Modeling the Recharge and the Renewal Rate Based on 3H and 14C Isotopes in the Coastal Aquifer of El Haouaria, Northern Tunisia.” In Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 13:199–202. Elsevier BV, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeps.2015.07.047. Full Text
Jackson, R. B., A. Vengosh, J. W. Carey, R. J. Davies, T. H. Darrah, F. O’Sullivan, and G. Petron. “The environmental costs and benefits of fracking.” Petroleum Abstracts, January 1, 2016.
Down, A., K. Schreglmann, D. L. Plata, M. Elsner, N. R. Warner, A. Vengosh, K. Moore, D. Coleman, and R. B. Jackson. “Ground water: Pre-drilling background groundwater quality in the Deep River Triassic Basin of central North Carolina, USA.” Petroleum Abstracts, January 1, 2016.
Paper “The geochemistry of naturally occurring methane and saline groundwater in an area of unconventional shale gas development” was selected to be the winner of the 2018 Dalway Swaine Award. Society for Organic Petrology . 2018
Collaborative Research: Tracing Coal Ash Solids in the Environment - Implications for long-term contamination of the aquatic ecosystem awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2020 to 2023
Gas and Oil Isotope Sample Analysis awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2021
Geochemical characteristics of formation water in China awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2021
An Investigation of Elemental Coal Ash Contamination of Soils in Iredell County, NC awarded by University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill (Co-Principal Investigator). 2020
Assessing potential human health impacts associated with the use of oilfield produced water for crop irrigation awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2020
Distribution of uranium and thorium in coal deposits and concentrations of NORMs in coal ash in India awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2019 to 2020
Gas and Oil Isotopic Analysis awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2020
EAGER: The occurrence and distribution of hexavalent chromium and other contaminants in groundwater from aquifers of the Eastern United States awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2019
Duke University Program in Environmental Health awarded by National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (Mentor). 2013 to 2019
Sichuan Basin Shale Gas Hydraulic Fracturing Flowback Fluid Geochemical Features and Environmental Impact awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2018